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Myelodysplastic syndroms

The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS, formerly known as “preleukemia”) are a diverse collection of hematological conditions united by ineffective production (or dysplasia) of myeloid blood cells and risk of transformation to acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).[1] Anemia requiring chronic blood transfusion is frequently present. Astronomer Carl Sagan, writer Roald Dahl, jazz saxophonist Michael Brecker and actress Nina Foch died of this condition. Myelodysplastic syndromes are bone marrow stem cell disorders resulting in disorderly and ineffective hematopoiesis (blood production) manifested by irreversible quantitative [...]

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Tay-Sachs disease

Tay-Sachs disease (abbreviated TSD, also known as GM2 gangliosidosis or Hexosaminidase A deficiency) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder. In its most common variant known as infantile Tay-Sachs disease it presents with a relentless deterioration of mental and physical abilities which commences at 6 months of age and result ultimately in death usually by the age of four. It is caused by a genetic defect in a single gene with one defective copy of that gene inherited from each parent. [...]

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Microcephaly

Microcephaly is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which the circumference of the head is more than two standard deviations smaller than average for the person’s age and sex. Microcephaly may be congenital or it may develop in the first few years of life. The disorder may stem from a wide variety of conditions that cause abnormal growth of the brain, or from syndromes associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Two copies of a loss-of-function mutation in one of the microcephalin genes causes [...]

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Landau-Kleffner syndrome

Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a childhood disorder. A major feature of LKS is the gradual or sudden loss of the ability to understand and use spoken language. All children with LKS have abnormal electrical brain waves that can be documented by an electroencephalogram (EEG), a recording of the electric activity of the brain. Approximately 80 percent of the children with LKS have one or more epileptic seizures that usually occur at night. Behavioral disorders such as hyperactivity, aggressiveness and [...]

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Cri du chat syndrome

Cri du chat syndromeis a group of symptoms that result from missing a piece of chromosomechromosome number 5. The syndrome’s name is based on the infant’s cry, which is high-pitched and sounds like a cat. CausesCauses Cri du chat syndrome is rare. It happens when genetic information on chromosome 5 is missing. One missing piece, called TERT (telomerase reverse transcriptase) is involved in control of cell growth, and may play a role in how some of the features of this [...]

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LISSENCEPHALY

Lissencephaly, which literally means smooth brain, is a rare brain formation disorder caused by defective neuronal migration during the 12th to 24th weeks of gestation, resulting in a lack of development of brain folds (gyri) and grooves (sulci).[1] It is a form of cephalic disorder. Terms such as ‘agyria’ (no gyri) or ‘pachygyria’ (broad gyri) are used to describe the appearance of the surface of the brain. Children with lissencephaly are severely neurologically impaired and often die within several [...]

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Katerina Kapasouri

Intern Date: July 2011 My name is Kapasouri Katerina and I am a professor of Adapted Physical Education from Greece. I am working in the field of rehabilitation for people with disabilities and to be more specific I am specialized in Therapeutic Swimming. Depending on my studies and my working experience, I know that water is working therapeutically, not only to our body but also to our soul. Therefore, the challenge for me was to find out if Dolphin Therapy [...]

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Cure

Cure The dolphin therapy lasts ten days. Every day (except Mondays) the children swim with the dolphins for half an hour. Afterwards they attend the dolphin show. When the children see the dolphins painting, singing, playing with a ball, rolling around, doing somersaults and racing through the water, they feel that they can share much more activities with the dolphins. The bio-energy – the vital energy which the dolphin uses to communicate with the child, improves the alertness, the awareness, the feeling [...]

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